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Old October 28th, 2008, 08:22 AM   #46
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I think there is more going on here than just the codec. Barry Green's and Mikko followup with waveform testing show it clearly. Part of the issue is certainly the bandwidth limited codec. Of that there is no doubt.

However part of it is down to the rolling shutter. Skew is causing malformations in the signal that are painfully obvious to anyone watching critically.

Does this make the EX1 a bad camera? No. It just means that you aren't going to confuse it for an F900 or even a Varicam when you start moving the camera. It's just as simple as that.

The Nanoflash and XDR will remove one the big impediments to making this camera behave like a $30k camera. But nothing is going to make it behave like a $100k camera. We are just not going to get there. Not with an EX1, not with an HVX or HPX, or any other sub- $10k camera. And if Scarlet comes out with a rolling shutter, we won't get there with it either, although with the problem well understood, Jannard has a better chance of actually bothering to try than most others.

Buck, you're my boy. But if you want the images you see on DiscoveryHD, and NatGeo, sell the ex1 and get a Varicam or F900. Problem solved. You can even connect the nanoflash to them and bypass the expensive tapes. I've seen used Varicams for less than $20k with a lens.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 10:54 AM   #47
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Originally Posted by Buck Forester View Post
Tim, don't get me wrong, I'm VERY happy with my EX1, even with motion following a subject. Even while running at high speeds chasing my 2 year old in the park with no stabilizer, the footage is amazing. I'm blown away. It's *only* in a single specific regard, very slow horizontal pans on stationary subjects is where I have my conerns. I have never seen any rolling shutter effects in 100+ hours of shooting on the run, except up close flash, which I won't be shooting anyway (my boy just happened to get a hold of my wife's point-n-shoot and was snapping away right in my EX1 lens, ha!).

I was told by another experienced videographer that just as the motion of this text is blurry when you grab the scroll bar with the mouse and slowly scroll the text, that's purely LCD refresh rates causing the text blur. That's how it is when viewing EX1 footage on the same monitor. I have no idea. It sounds rational though, ha!

If I go the NanoFlash route, maybe shooting I-frame is the way to go? Would that pretty much be an end-all for this concern? Maybe at a cost of more disk space? If so, I'll bring stacks of harddrives with me in the field if need be!

Thanks again!
Hi Buck-
Just for clarification, here's the clip from which the 35 vs 100 Mbps comparison images were extracted. It is a fast whip pan in which ever frame is different from the previous one. This is a real torture test, especially for a Long-GOP CODEC.

Take a look at the comparison images again. The 100Mbps side is virtually 100% artifact free. I think this is the definitive test for high-motion and Long-GOP recording. If the video looks great under these conditions, I am sure it will look spectacular under a very slow horizontal pan.

We need to rethink the need for I-Frame only recording. At the 100 Mbps level, all the motion related Long-GOP compression issues are basically eliminated. 100Mbps Long-GOP 4:2:2 Full-Raster MPEG2 Quality >> 100Mbps I-Frame Only 4:2:2 Quality due to the more sophisticated compression algorithm.
Attached Files
File Type: mov WHIP_PAN_fastshutter.mov (9.18 MB, 268 views)
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Old October 28th, 2008, 11:54 AM   #48
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Hey, I'm just askin' questions! :^D Thanks for the responses. My EX1 looks like the "big boys" in my untrained eyes when still, I'm just seeing if there's a solution to make it look that way on slow pans too. If there's not, there's not. I'm one to seek all alternatives though in my quest! :^D

Mike, I'm sure the whip pan stills are valuable info, but the only way I'll be able to tell if the NanoFlash is for me is to see footage shot how I'll shoot it. The whip pans don't translate for me. Example, if I want a 4-wheel drive jeep for rough off-roading and the sales guy keeps telling me how fast the jeep can go on the highway, it doesn't matter. To the 'techy' guys they can look at a freeze-frame whip pan and say, "wow!". To me I see a really bad still image that I'd throw away if I took it, but that's just because I go by "feel" and how things look. I'm the creative guy, not the tech guy. It's worked very well for me in photography and admittedly I may have to actually learn tech stuff with video, ha ha! But I still have to "see" results. Which is why I have no problem going to Colorado Springs and actually shooting applicable footage to see if it'll get me the results I'm looking for (if you have a business open to the public, that is, I'm not sure what your setup is). I'm really interested in the NanoFlash for sure. I hope the fact that I have to see something isn't too frustrating for some of you guys, I'm getting a sense of "slap this guy in the head" from some of you, but in a nice way, ha ha!
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Old October 28th, 2008, 12:14 PM   #49
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Buck Forester View Post
Hey, I'm just askin' questions! :^D Thanks for the responses. My EX1 looks like the "big boys" in my untrained eyes when still, I'm just seeing if there's a solution to make it look that way on slow pans too. If there's not, there's not. I'm one to seek all alternatives though in my quest! :^D

Mike, I'm sure the whip pan stills are valuable info, but the only way I'll be able to tell if the NanoFlash is for me is to see footage shot how I'll shoot it. The whip pans don't translate for me. Example, if I want a 4-wheel drive jeep for rough off-roading and the sales guy keeps telling me how fast the jeep can go on the highway, it doesn't matter. To the 'techy' guys they can look at a freeze-frame whip pan and say, "wow!". To me I see a really bad still image that I'd throw away if I took it, but that's just because I go by "feel" and how things look. I'm the creative guy, not the tech guy. It's worked very well for me in photography and admittedly I may have to actually learn tech stuff with video, ha ha! But I still have to "see" results. Which is why I have no problem going to Colorado Springs and actually shooting applicable footage to see if it'll get me the results I'm looking for (if you have a business open to the public, that is, I'm not sure what your setup is). I'm really interested in the NanoFlash for sure. I hope the fact that I have to see something isn't too frustrating for some of you guys, I'm getting a sense of "slap this guy in the head" from some of you, but in a nice way, ha ha!
Hi Buck-
You are more than welcome to come to Colo Spgs and check out a Flash XDR for your tests. There will be no difference in the video from Flash XDR to nanoFlash as they both use exactly the same CODEC and CF card media.

We have a loaner unit ready with battery and CF media.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 01:08 PM   #50
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Mike, thank you and as soon as you get production up and going I'll make a trip out there for some testing, with check in hand! I'm sure I'll be impressed.

Perrone, you would know more than me, but does "skew" or any rolling shutter come into play with the EX1 on a very slow, dramatic, creeping horizontal pan shot from a dolly? Or are you talking more generally?
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Old October 28th, 2008, 01:10 PM   #51
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Originally Posted by Buck Forester View Post
Perrone, you would know more than me, but does "skew" or any rolling shutter come into play with the EX1 on a very slow, dramatic, creeping horizontal pan shot from a dolly? Or are you talking more generally?
Based on what I've seen, it appears to come into play any time you're moving the camera, just to varying degrees.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 01:32 PM   #52
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Originally Posted by Perrone Ford View Post
Based on what I've seen, it appears to come into play any time you're moving the camera, just to varying degrees.
Yikes, if that's the case then the drop in resolution is not from codecs but straight from the CMOS chips themselves and NanoFlash would not solve the el problemo?
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Old October 28th, 2008, 01:33 PM   #53
 
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since the rolling shutter direction vector is "vertical", skew occurs only with orthogonal pans....for the more artistic minded, this means horizontal pans, only, unless, of course, you're in the habit of shooting the cam at a 90 degree angle, in which case it will be skew in the vertical direction, only.

Now Buck, I know you're trying to understand, but, you're bordering on being ignorant. Skew is not not not even closely related to compression artifacting. Two completely different phenomena. Even RED has the rolling shutter problem, and you can get this feature for over $20K.

With a shutter scan rate of 60Hz, it's not too difficult to see some skew in a frame pan. On the other hand, if you're shooting wildlife with a large telephoto lens, the field of regard is so small that image skew is negligible. Assuming, of course, you have a stable tripod for mounting your videocam. I could go thru some numbers to show you this is the case, but, I know you accept only empirical evidence, so I won't. Just try it.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 01:52 PM   #54
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I'm not ignorant about skew being "horizontal", that's a no brainer. Not even sure why you mentioned it? I think I saw that question on "Are You Smarter Than A 5th Grader" and everyone got it right. :

Bill, I also know skew is not codec related. It's CMOS chips. I'm really lost on why you're saying this because nowhere was it implied otherwise? I know codecs and chips are separate thingies with separate issues. I know RED uses CMOS too. I may be ugly, but I'm stupid. Ha!

Which goes back to my question posed to Perrone... if the drop in resolution I'm seeing on 'horizontal' movement is because of 'CMOS skew' (not codec), then bypassing the native EX1 codec with NanoFlash wouldn't be my huckleberry to solve the resolution drop issue, because it's coming from the source, the CMOS chip.

See the confusion, Bill? Some say, "the EX1 codec is fine, it's what you're viewing it on that creates the motion resolution drop". Others say, "it's the 35 mbps Long GOP used in the EX1, bypass this with the NanoFlash and you should be fine". Others say, "this is just motion and video at work, period." And here Perrone is saying (if I'm reading him correctly, hence my question to him), "this resolution drop is caused by skewing directly from the CMOS chip". Even on very s-l-o-w pans. If so, then no codec will help, right?

Which option is the case so I can stop being ignorant? :
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Old October 28th, 2008, 02:22 PM   #55
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Buck,

It's as I said before. There are multiple things going on with what you're seeing. And because you can't articulate it precisely, we have to look at the entire image of the EX1 versus the cameras you are comparing it to.. namely the Varicam and the F900.

Those are CCD cameras, so the CMOS artifacting and issues are going to be "different" between your camera and those cameras.

You are also shooting long GOP, and that is causing some of what you see. And to bring that in line with the cameras you are comparing to, the Nanoflash or a similar SDI recorder is necessary.

They are using better glass than you are, and that is going to make some small difference as well. Though not nearly as much as the other two.

They are more than likely NOT shooting 24p. And that is certainly responsible for some of what you've seen. Maybe more than anything else. Change to 60i or 30p and you should see a difference.

So there is no silver bullet. Will the nanoflash remove some of the problem. Most certainly. Will it turn your $6k camera into an F900 clone? No.

So to me, you're going to be in one of three places.

1. Don't buy anything else, change to 60i, shoot and be happy.

2. Buy the Nanoflash, and remove the CODEC related issues and live with the rolling shutter ones.

3. Sell the whole lot, and buy an F900.

You pay your money, and you take your choice.


Quote:
Originally Posted by Buck Forester View Post
Which goes back to my question posed to Perrone... if the drop in resolution I'm seeing on 'horizontal' movement is because of 'CMOS skew' (not codec), then bypassing the native EX1 codec with NanoFlash wouldn't be my huckleberry to solve the resolution drop issue, because it's coming from the source, the CMOS chip.

See the confusion, Bill? Some say, "the EX1 codec is fine, it's what you're viewing it on that creates the motion resolution drop". Others say, "it's the 35 mbps Long GOP used in the EX1, bypass this with the NanoFlash and you should be fine". Others say, "this is just motion and video at work, period." And here Perrone is saying (if I'm reading him correctly, hence my question to him), "this resolution drop is caused by skewing directly from the CMOS chip". Even on very s-l-o-w pans. If so, then no codec will help, right?

Which option is the case so I can stop being ignorant? :
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Old October 28th, 2008, 02:52 PM   #56
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Originally Posted by Perrone Ford View Post
So to me, you're going to be in one of three places.

1. Don't buy anything else, change to 60i, shoot and be happy.

2. Buy the Nanoflash, and remove the CODEC related issues and live with the rolling shutter ones.

3. Sell the whole lot, and buy an F900.

You pay your money, and you take your choice.
Hi Perrone-
Naturally, we would make the case that the nanoFlash provides the best "bang for the buck", as the EX1 + nanoFlash cost <<< F900 cost, but not substantially less in overall video quality. Or for about 10% of the cost, you'll arguable get 80-90% of the video quality. Not a bad tradeoff.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 02:52 PM   #57
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Perrone, gracias! Just a quick few things and I'll call it a day until I get my hands on the NanoFlash:

I've never shot 24p, I reeeally don't like 24p. Never have. I've been shooting 1080/30p and overall love it except for the one issue. I did some more testing this morning with 1080/60i and it's a little better, but still not crisp with slow movements.

From my eyes, in many circumstances, I feel I could get close enough to, oh, say the F900 to be very happy. The EX1 rocks in most cases. I've read many people say the EX1 intercuts well with the F900 (but I doubt they were motion shots). I'm sure it's not as good as the F900, but I can't backpack and kayak very easily with a F900 so the EX1 looks acceptably amazing. If the Sony was 1/2" CCD chips shooting at 100 mbps with NanoFlash, I'm sure it would get pretty close.

The three options you provided, 1 and 3 are not acceptable/doable. That's just the nature of things, I guess. #2 is my best hope DEPENDING on whether it's skew or codec responsible for 'most' of the motion sharpness reduction. If it's 50/50 responsible then I won't invest in the NanoFlash, the tradeoff for $$ is not there. I can probably buy a Scarlet for that much when it comes out. If it's 90/10, or 80/20 codec driven, then the NanoFlash will be an option because that's a substantial improvement, chip skew be damned.

We'll see when I get to test the NanoPuppy out. Case closed. I do sincerely appreciate everyone's comments.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 03:05 PM   #58
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Perrone, gracias! Just a quick few things and I'll call it a day until I get my hands on the NanoFlash:

From my eyes, in many circumstances, I feel I could get close enough to, oh, say the F900 to be very happy. The EX1 rocks in most cases. I've read many people say the EX1 intercuts well with the F900 (but I doubt they were motion shots). I'm sure it's not as good as the F900, but I can't backpack and kayak very easily with a F900 so the EX1 looks acceptably amazing. If the Sony was 1/2" CCD chips shooting at 100 mbps with NanoFlash, I'm sure it would get pretty close.
Hi Buck-
There is no doubt in my mind that the 100 Mbps Long-GOP 1920x1080 MPEG2 CODEC in XDR/nano is above the F900 HDCAM 3:1:1 1440x1080 CODEC. See the attached CODEC chart, created by Sony (we just overlaid the 100 Mbps rate)
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Old October 28th, 2008, 03:18 PM   #59
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Mike, I have no doubt either. BUT the F900 has CCD chips and the EX1 has CMOS. This makes "motion sharpness" the main issue. That's why I keep asking about "motion". No 'stills'. It's a non-issue to me for static shots, the EX1 is amazing. Just comparing "specs" without factoring rendition of motion isn't apples to apples. If the sharpness drop with motion on the EX1 is mostly because of the CMOS chip, it won't matter what kind of codec specs you pour down its neck. If I'm understanding this correctly.

You could have 1000 mbps I-Frame and if the primary cause of the motion sharpness issue is coming directly from CMOS skew upon "movement", then fancy specs bypassing (or increasing) codecs wouldn't be the issue. For other cameras, yes, but specifically for the EX1, not if the limitations are chip driven. That's my dilemma and I'll have to see the results in person. I'm looking forward to it. I *hope* most of this motion sharpness issue is due to 35mbps Long GOP and not the chip itself.
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Old October 28th, 2008, 03:20 PM   #60
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CODEC Quality Chart

Sorry, go to the Full Motion Video Comparison thread to view the CODEC Comparison chart.
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