nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes at DVinfo.net

Go Back   DV Info Net > The Tools of DV and HD Production > External Video Recording Solutions > Convergent Design Odyssey

Convergent Design Odyssey
...and other Convergent Design products.


Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Old March 7th, 2011, 08:59 AM   #1
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Location: Augusta Georgia
Posts: 5,413
nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Dear Friends,

Based on questions that I have received, I feel that there is a common misconception about ProRes.

The common perception is that ProRes HQ is 220 Megabits per second (Mbps).

Based on the Apple ProRes White Paper, the target bit-rates vary depending on the resolution and the frame rate.

The Target Bit-Rates for Apple ProRes are:

1080p24......................176 Mbps
1080p25,50i................184 Mbps
1080p30,60i................220 Mbps

720p24.........................88 Mbps
720p25.........................92 Mbps
720p30.......................110 Mbps
720p50.......................184 Mbps
720p60.......................220 Mbps

Note: The actual bit rate may be lower (if the video is easy to encode)
but will never exceed the target rate by 10%.


For the nanoFlash, the bit-rate that you select will be the actual bit rate.

Thus for 720p at 220 Mbps you allways get 220 Mbps regardless of the frame rate.

The same applies for 1080p at 220 Mbps.


Depending on the resolution and frame rate, the difference in actual bit-rates can be very significant.

This helps explain why the nanoFlash can produce such excellent images.



Notes:
Any bandwidth for the audio, in the nanoFlash, is in addition to the selected bit-rate, thus you always get the bit-rate you requested for the video.

There are a few technical exceptions, such as when we are converting 720p60 to 720p30, or cranking, since the duplicate frames are eliminated after the frame has been encoded.


For more details on the Apple ProRes codec, please refer to page 20 of the following:

http://images.apple.com/finalcutstud..._July_2009.pdf
__________________
Dan Keaton
Augusta Georgia
Dan Keaton is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 10th, 2011, 01:59 PM   #2
New Boot
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: Minneapolis, MN
Posts: 23
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

This is great information that really sets the Nanoflash apart in my opinion. Dan I think you should do more to get this information out to the masses. I think maybe there should be a new way of calculating bitrates, instead of Mbps why not Mbpf (Megabits per frame)?

ProRes 422 (HQ) via KI Pro/Mini or other device = up to 7.333 Mbpf for 1080p or up to 3.667 Mbpf for 720p
Unthrottled XDCAM 422 via Nanoflash = up to 11.667 Mbpf for either 1080p or 720p

With the Nanoflash you can get 1.59 times information per 1080p frame than you can with any device recording ProRes 422 (HQ) and 3.181 times more per 720p frame. In fact according to my calculations the Nanoflash can even exceed ProRes 4444 in 720 24p in information per frame by 2.121 times and in 1080 24p by 1.06.

Bottom line, if you are shooting 24p, you're better off buying the Nanoflash especially if you are shooting 720.

Thanks CD for an awesome product.

Last edited by Brian Walstad; March 10th, 2011 at 03:23 PM. Reason: Original calculations at 220 Mbps for the Nanoflash, changed to reflect 280 Mbps.
Brian Walstad is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 10th, 2011, 02:58 PM   #3
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Location: Augusta Georgia
Posts: 5,413
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Dear Brian,

Thank you!

Nice Post!

Yes, the nanoFlash is rather unique and the higher "Megabits per frame" really adds to creating excellent images.

While the numbers are impressive, the real proof is in examining the images.

What we get most often from people seeing our images for the first time is "Wow, that is really clean!".
__________________
Dan Keaton
Augusta Georgia
Dan Keaton is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 10th, 2011, 03:07 PM   #4
New Boot
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: Minneapolis, MN
Posts: 23
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Yeah that is my experience when using it a few times with my HPX170 and AF100. Still haven't bought yet tho only rented. Probably my next purchase.
Brian Walstad is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 11th, 2011, 03:19 PM   #5
Major Player
 
Join Date: Sep 2008
Location: Vancouver, Canada
Posts: 975
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Fascinating Dan. Thank you for that info about the auto scaling bitrate of ProRes. Lord help you if you are shooting in 720p24 and using ProRes and expect the results associated with 220 mbit.

Dan do those bitrates scale down to those figures regardless of whether the signal hitting it is 8 bit or 10 bit?
Andrew Stone is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 11th, 2011, 10:24 PM   #6
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Location: Augusta Georgia
Posts: 5,413
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Dear Andrew,

All of the detail is in Apple's ProRes White Paper.

I do not know if it answers your question in the White Paper.
__________________
Dan Keaton
Augusta Georgia
Dan Keaton is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 12th, 2011, 06:10 AM   #7
Major Player
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Vientiane (Lao PDR)
Posts: 349
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Quote:
Originally Posted by Andrew Stone View Post
.... Lord help you if you are shooting in 720p24 and using ProRes and expect the results associated with 220 mbit. ?
You get exactly the same quality.
In the end what matters is the data/picture.
In 720p24 (88Mbps) you get the same data/picture than in 720p60 (220) so the same quality.
In 720p60 you have 2,5 x more images to transcode. You need 2.5 x the data rate to keep the same quality.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Andrew Stone View Post
....
Dan do those bitrates scale down to those figures regardless of whether the signal hitting it is 8 bit or 10 bit?
Prores is always 10b.
The NANO is always 8b.
rafael
Rafael Amador is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 12th, 2011, 03:41 PM   #8
Major Player
 
Join Date: Sep 2008
Location: Vancouver, Canada
Posts: 975
Re: nanoFlash Codec compared to ProRes

Hi Rafael,

Yes I understand that. My comments were based on thinking through scenarios of how the Ki Pro Mini would deal with data streams that were either 8 bit or 10 bit and how that would effect what bitrate the Ki Pro Mini would invoke under a given scenario.

But since we are now on the topic... an 88 mbit encoding on 720p24 10 bit data stream is going to have a lot more trouble reproducing a faithful image than an 8 bit stream capturing 720p24 at say 180 mbit. I would hazard a guess the 8 bit stream captured at 180 mbit data rate would be more pleasing to the eye.
Andrew Stone is offline   Reply
Reply

DV Info Net refers all where-to-buy and where-to-rent questions exclusively to these trusted full line dealers and rental houses...

Professional Video
(800) 833-4801
Portland, OR

B&H Photo Video
(866) 521-7381
New York, NY

Z.G.C.
(973) 335-4460
Mountain Lakes, NJ

Abel Cine Tech
(888) 700-4416
N.Y. NY & L.A. CA

Precision Camera
(800) 677-1023
Austin, TX

DV Info Net also encourages you to support local businesses and buy from an authorized dealer in your neighborhood.
  You are here: DV Info Net > The Tools of DV and HD Production > External Video Recording Solutions > Convergent Design Odyssey

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

 



Google
 

All times are GMT -6. The time now is 01:33 PM.


DV Info Net -- Real Names, Real People, Real Info!
1998-2017 The Digital Video Information Network