New NEX camcorder on March 31? - Page 4 at DVinfo.net

Go Back   DV Info Net > Sony XAVC / XDCAM / NXCAM / AVCHD / HDV / DV Camera Systems > Sony Alpha and NEX Camera Systems > Sony NEX-VG10 / VG20 / VG30 / VG900

Sony NEX-VG10 / VG20 / VG30 / VG900
Interchangeable lens AVCHD camcorders using E-Mount lenses.


Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Old March 21st, 2012, 02:17 AM   #46
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Nov 2005
Location: Elk Grove CA
Posts: 6,838
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Steve, I think it your numbers seem a bit high. Attached is a chart Zacutto did in the shootout in 2011. But I am ready to be schooled if we are talking about different things. The charts in the shoot out were shoot with lenses that were capable of resolving 4000 lines.
Attached Thumbnails
New NEX camcorder on March 31?-resolution.jpg  
__________________
Chris J. Barcellos
Chris Barcellos is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 21st, 2012, 04:42 PM   #47
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 2,699
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Quote:
Originally Posted by Chris Barcellos View Post
Attached is a chart Zacutto did in the shootout in 2011. But I am ready to be schooled if we are talking about different things.
One point about that chart is the units used: "Line PAIRS per picture height". It's more usual to talk about "lines per picture height" - lpph. Hence 540 Line pairs per picture height means the same thing as 1080 lines per picture height.

And for a 1080 sytem camera, the absolute maximum it could resolve is 1080 lpph. If you fed any more into it, and saw a result, it's aliasing. A bad thing. A 1080 camera CANNOT resolve better than 1080 lpph, and in practice 1000 lpph is more desirable and realistic.

It's also not the whole story by any means to just give a figure for the resolution and leave it at that. As example, look at Alan Roberts zone plate for the 5D - http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/w...on_5D_DSLR.pdf . At what point does the "real" resolution die away and the aliasing take over. If you pointed it at a chart with 1200lpph I'm sure it would give a result - but an undesirable, aliased one. It should give plain grey for an "ideal" 1080 camera.

I'm very sceptical of many of the figures in the Zacuto chart, and for another example take the AF100 figure of 509 line pairs measured resolution (=1018 lpph). That is complete nonsense. Look at Adam Wilts comparisons of the F3 and the AF100.

Look at the first chart and especially the horizontal or vertical lines in the wedge. At the outside, they are converging (as on the original chart) but around 650 lpph they start to DIVERGE. The lines on the chart don't do that in reality, of course - the result proves the AF100 aliases above about 650 lpph. (Adam quotes 680 lpph, which I'd say was a bit lenient, but we're in the same ballpark.) That's equivalent to 325 line pairs (340 with Adams figures).

You can see from the chart just how ridulous the Zacuto figure of 509 line pairs is. It equates to 1018 on Adams chart - or just inside the 1000 line ring. What should be very fine horizontal and/or vertical lines are very coarse and blurred there - nothing like the chart original. (Compare with the F3.) Even more distinct is the next wedge with lines at 22 deg to the axis - instead of the fine radial lines of the chart the aliasing has turned it in to lines at 90 deg to what they should be!! 509 line pairs my *&^?*.........!
David Heath is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 22nd, 2012, 12:48 AM   #48
HDV Cinema
 
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Las Vegas
Posts: 4,007
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Just to make it more fun -- in the cinema world with different aspect-ratios. So only the horizontal resolution is measured, in LINES.

So a RED measures 3200 LINES. If you divide by1.78 for a 16:9 ratio, it falls to about 1800 Lines p/height.

For a 3 chip cameras, 1000TVL/ph is the maximum.

UPDATE:

Curious about tests I found this. "In our test, the PX10 was able to record a horizontal sharpness of 900 lw/ph and a vertical sharpness of 800 lw/ph—both of which are excellent results. Looking back at the performance crops on our Color and Noise page, you can see how sharp the image captured by the PX10 really is."

When you consider this is a single chip camera, 900 is amazing! If you ignore the 1.78:1 aspect ratio, it's 1068 LINES. Now if JVCs QuadHD camera doubles this, that's about 2000 lines.

Of course, 36Mbps doesn't hurt either for shooting 1080p60.

I think I'm coming to a personal conclusion. I want SUPER clarity with ZERO image artifacts. Lo-light and MINIMUM DOF just are not my concern. And, while I see the need for a film look for narrative work, I've just never been interested.
__________________
Switcher's Quick Guide to the Avid Media Composer >>> http://home.mindspring.com/~d-v-c

Last edited by Steve Mullen; March 22nd, 2012 at 07:28 AM.
Steve Mullen is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 22nd, 2012, 01:42 PM   #49
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Nov 2005
Location: Elk Grove CA
Posts: 6,838
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

My experience is based on some personal testing and experience.

David Heath said: "One point about that chart is the units used: "Line PAIRS per picture height". It's more usual to talk about "lines per picture height" - lpph. Hence 540 Line pairs per picture height means the same thing as 1080 lines per picture height."

I had assumed this to be just a difference in terminology over and not a difference in the actual measurement. No matter what though, the numbers in in the Zacutto testing reporting present a scale for the different cameras which is consistent with my experience.

I have test shot foliage in wide angle shots and other fine detail objects, using stills and grab frames from video with my Canon 5D. Whatever the reason, its just not that good with that fine detail in which to me echos the resolution testing. I don't really care about pixel counting and numbers, I just look at what I see. There is absolutely no doubt that my Nikon primes have the resolving power necessary to meet any video need when you compare the stills to the video grabs and so the real issue with the 5D Mark II is resolving power of the chip, and of course, any thing the camera does to create the final video file.

I have always felt that the pure DSLR video shooters were over emphasizing things in expressing their desire to shoot with the absolute highest resolution and best lenses. It seemed to me that for pure video purposes, medium quality lenses with proper chromatic aberation correction will do as well as well as the expensive L line lenses..

Steve Mullen said: "I think I'm coming to a personal conclusion. I want SUPER clarity with ZERO image artifacts. Lo-light and MINIMUM DOF just are not my concern. And, while I see the need for a film look for narrative work, I've just never been interested. "

I have to agree that is exactly what the video for film debate is all about. I feel that the push to 4k will actually result in the loss of film feel for many applications. I saw "Acts of Valor", the film shot 70% with the 5DMark II, about three years about, even before the camera had 24p capability, as I recall. As a lowly operator who has used the camera, I saw some of the issues I had experienced with this camera. It certainly was not perfect. But next to me on each side, were friends or family that have no connection with the camera or film making, and I never heard one thing about lack of focus, or poor highlight or shadow detail or bad dynamic range. They just enjoyed the film for what it was.
__________________
Chris J. Barcellos
Chris Barcellos is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 22nd, 2012, 06:26 PM   #50
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 2,699
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Quote:
Originally Posted by Chris Barcellos View Post
I had assumed this to be just a difference in terminology over and not a difference in the actual measurement.
Well, the difference between "line pairs" and "lines" is simply a factor of two. "Line pairs" assumes alternating black/white lines and counts the number of pairs, "lines" counts the number of total lines, black and white.
Quote:
No matter what though, the numbers in in the Zacutto testing reporting present a scale for the different cameras which is consistent with my experience.
If that is so, it's likely to down to co-incidence! The figures on the Zacuto chart are seriously flawed, to the extent of being useless in my mind, and I've no idea how they were come by. The Zacuto figures show the F3 as having a measured resolution of 540 line pairs versus 509 for the AF100. It implies the F3 is better than the AF100 - but not by that much. Adam Wilts charts that I linked to earlier show a far different story, and a very significant difference. I'm in no doubt that somewhere around 325 line pairs (650 lines) is the accurate figure for the AF100.

But as far as the 5D2 goes then there's a zone plate at http://thebrownings.name/WHP034/imag...zone-plate.png At a glance, the resolution looks to be about 500 lines (250 line pairs) but it's pretty obvious that's far from the whole story. It's not just that it may be a bit softer than the AF100, but it's the really bad COLOURED aliasing that is likely to give the worst differences. The AF100 aliasing is not good, but at least it's monochrome. Matters like that don't register in things like the simple Zacuto tables.
Quote:
I have test shot foliage in wide angle shots and other fine detail objects, using stills and grab frames from video with my Canon 5D. Whatever the reason, its just not that good with that fine detail in which to me echos the resolution testing.
I may agree with the trends - it's the absolute values that Zacuto gives that are wrong.
Quote:
I don't really care about pixel counting and numbers, I just look at what I see. There is absolutely no doubt that my Nikon primes have the resolving power necessary to meet any video need when you compare the stills to the video grabs and so the real issue with the 5D Mark II is resolving power of the chip, and of course, any thing the camera does to create the final video file.
The trouble with the "just look at what I see" approach is that your conclusions can be influenced as much by original subject matter as camera hardware. Point at one scene and camera A may look better than B - point at another scene and it may be the other way round. Use charts and it takes the guesswork away and gives a scientific basis to opinions. That said, I'd be the last to pixel count to the ultimate degree - it would be very wrong to simply say "camera A resolves 900 lines and camera B 950 - so B is obviously superior". (If B had a lot of coloured aliasing as well and A didn't that could be a far more important factor, for example.)
Quote:
I have to agree that is exactly what the video for film debate is all about. .........As a lowly operator who has used the camera, I saw some of the issues I had experienced with this camera. It certainly was not perfect. But next to me on each side, were friends or family that have no connection with the camera or film making, and I never heard one thing about lack of focus, or poor highlight or shadow detail or bad dynamic range. They just enjoyed the film for what it was.
This is the "script or technical quality" chestnut again. And my opinion is that they are two different matters and it's silly to confuse them. Given the choice between a boring script shot in perfect quality and a gripping story shot on a DSLR, then I'll be the first to choose the latter. But it doesn't have to be an either/or choice.

Why can't we have the gripping story shot with the better camera? Two completely separate issues which shouldn't be confused.
David Heath is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 22nd, 2012, 11:55 PM   #51
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Feb 2007
Location: Apple Valley CA
Posts: 4,866
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Sitting staring at a line of cameras on my desk... which is the "better" camera? Shouldn't one be obviously superior for EVERY use? Why all these different cameras? HMMM... I know some of them will be "going" and a couple are "new", so I've got to take the time to see what they can really do...



I'll postulate that there are design limits for EVERY camera, such that each camera meets a need or a few needs, but one won't do "everything".

Super sharp images are "great", but then you discover the "talent" wants "soft skin" so their "reality" isn't so obviously showing. Then there's moire and aliasing...

I think the "average consumer" wants a camera that as accurately as possible "captures" the moment - the colors (maybe a bit more vibrantly than they really were, so the "memory" is more vivid), the little details, and of course most of the time great images in BAD lighing conditions... They aren't interested in "grading", funky blue green or orange "film like" color casts, or "special effects". If it fits in your pocket, even better! That's ONE "market"...

Someone fancying themselves as a "filmmaker" may have an entirely different set of "wants" - "flatter" footage that they can toy with easier in post, artsy DoF, and of course they have a lighting and sound "crew"... pocketability optional...



As I look at these cameras I'm considering for "thinning from the herd", I realize each has strengths and weaknesses, it's charms and foibles. Not a one is "perfect", at least not for "every" purpose or possible use.

It comes back to the truth that the "best" camera is the one you are comfortable using, the one you'll have with you when the "content" appears, and the one that captures a solid, technically "usable" image and sound when you ask it to. It's a tool to capture "content"... if one doesn't do it, there's probably a dfferent one that will, or if they can't do it yet, give it time (presuming you want to wait to capture your "content" rather than getting it NOW).
Dave Blackhurst is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2012, 02:05 AM   #52
HDV Cinema
 
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Las Vegas
Posts: 4,007
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

"Then there's moire and aliasing... "

With most of the DSLRs there seems to these artifacts. Here's a test of the NEX-5n:

"We found that the NEX-5N was able to consistently reproduce around 700 lw/ph of horizontal sharpness, and around 650 lw/ph of vertical sharpness. The camera hit much higher highs than that (it occasionally touched in the 1000 lw/ph, which is ridiculous for an APS-C camera sampling down to an HD signal), but between 750 and 950 lw/ph frequencies, the camera produced a circular banding error that was incredibly distracting."

"incredibly distracting" is what I see, that seems even worse from the 24MP NEX-7. So, I'm a bit concerned Sony will push the 24MP into the VG30 for marketing reasons.

But why no aliasing with the JVC cameras?

One thought is the 12MP 4:3 sensor is only 9MP when using a 16:9 window. In the PX10, the image is "converted" to 2MP. In the HMQ10, the image is "converted" to 8MP. Fundamentally, with QuadHD each image is simply recorded. That's exactly like taking photos at 60fps!

I suspect the DSP is simply downscaling 9MP to 2MP -- which makes me wonder if the other cameras are still dropping lines. Perhaps dropping pairs -- to keep the Bayer pattern -- but dropping nevertheless. The Canons used to drop every fifth line which is really bad.

PS: 4K2K will eliminate the need for edge enhancement (ringing) so the images will look more like film -- not less. That's why film has high resolution and yet "nice" edges.
__________________
Switcher's Quick Guide to the Avid Media Composer >>> http://home.mindspring.com/~d-v-c
Steve Mullen is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2012, 06:52 AM   #53
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 2,699
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Quote:
Originally Posted by Steve Mullen View Post
"We found that the NEX-5N was able to consistently reproduce around 700 lw/ph of horizontal sharpness, and around 650 lw/ph of vertical sharpness. The camera hit much higher highs than that (it occasionally touched in the 1000 lw/ph, which is ridiculous for an APS-C camera sampling down to an HD signal), but between 750 and 950 lw/ph frequencies, the camera produced a circular banding error that was incredibly distracting."
I get a bit concerned when I hear statements like "it occasionally touched in the 1000 lw/ph". The resolution characteristics of the camera aren't going to vary minute by minute! It makes me wonder strongly how they were doing the measurements.......

I suspect it may have been by a method which wasn't distinguishing between true resolution and aliasing, and if all you've got is a pattern of horizontal and vertical lines that is difficult. (Hence the value of zone plates and the "trumpets" such as on the chart Adam used.

The further comment about "circular banding error" reinforces that idea. I suspect they were never seeing any "real" resolution above about 700 lpph - just aliasing - but didn't realy recognise it for what it was.
Quote:
I suspect the DSP is simply downscaling 9MP to 2MP -- which makes me wonder if the other cameras are still dropping lines. Perhaps dropping pairs -- to keep the Bayer pattern -- but dropping nevertheless.
From what I hear, one of the better approaches is to not just drop pairs of lines, but pairs of columns as well. What that effectively means is that the same fundamental approach is used as for the C300 (2x2 direct read out) but of only one Bayer block in four. So the pattern goes something like:

GBGB GBGB GB
RGRG RGRG RG
GBGB GBGB GB
RGRG RGRG RG
GBGB GBGB GB
RGRG RGRG RG
GBGB GBGB GB
RGRG RGRG RG

etc, where only the photosites in bold are read. It follows you can expect little coloured aliasing, quite high luminance aliasing, and a sensitivity reduction of around 2 stops compared to what would be the case if the whole chip was being used. And resolution equal to a quarter of the total photosite count.

For 16:9 and 12 megapixel, the numbers are going to be something like 4608x2592 (=11,943,936) so you'd expect a measured resolution of about 2592/4 lpph or about 650 lpph. Which strangely enough is pretty well what we're seeing from the AF100. (It would also give an interim 1152x648 image to be scaled up to 1080 or 720 - and it's easier to scale up than down.)

Such an approach would also be expected to give a symmetrical result (equal H & V performance, unlike the 5D) - exactly as with the AF100)

The 2x2 read out approach is a very good one, but it is obviously far best used with a chip of dimensions of 3840x2160 (as the C300 does) with no need for line or column skipping. In that case there is full resolution, no need for up/downconversion, and you can expect full predicted sensitivity for the chip size.
David Heath is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2012, 11:50 PM   #54
HDV Cinema
 
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Las Vegas
Posts: 4,007
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

If you use Adam's resolution testing method -- and the only one I believe in -- you slowly move the camera side-to-side to reveal those camera that use use smaller than HD chips -- which used to be very common with Pana's HD camcorders.

Therefore, one will see a changing resolution changing as the columns move across the chart. In general you can take the average -- although I suppose one could take the lowest value.

In any case -- the problem is the artifacts that they see and are present on ALL NEX video.

Bottom-line, if you do not want to see artifacts you must not choose a hybrid where high photo taking resolution is the camera's main task. That includes the VGs because they are photo cameras in a different body. That means you need a camera designed to provide the best video.

The joke on Sony and Canon and Nikon is that a camera doesn't need more than 9- to 12MP for good photos. Who prints photos anymore? They go to the web. So JVC's approach of 16:9 9MP may indeed yield softer photos than a NEX when measured, but in reality on the web where I watch them on a 1920x1080 HDTV -- that's not going to matter even after cropping. It's marketing not photo shooters that are pushing to 36MP!

To my mind the camera makers have it backward. Aim for highest video quality! Aim for video shooting ease. The E-mount is dead without the ability to have ND filters in the camera. All Panasonic has to do is drop the GH2/3 into a camcorder body and the VGs are done with. MINIMUM DOF is simply not that big a deal. (I assume there will be a better chip for a GH3.)

PS: Skipping row and column pairs is a great way to reduce data by 4X.
__________________
Switcher's Quick Guide to the Avid Media Composer >>> http://home.mindspring.com/~d-v-c

Last edited by Steve Mullen; March 24th, 2012 at 01:10 AM.
Steve Mullen is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 24th, 2012, 06:32 PM   #55
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 2,699
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Quote:
Originally Posted by Steve Mullen View Post
If you use Adam's resolution testing method -- and the only one I believe in -- you slowly move the camera side-to-side to reveal those camera that use use smaller than HD chips -- which used to be very common with Pana's HD camcorders.

Therefore, one will see a changing resolution changing as the columns move across the chart. In general you can take the average -- although I suppose one could take the lowest value.
Almost. I believe the reason for doing what you describe is to separate aliases from "real" resolution. On a static shot it's difficult to tell which is which - pan from side to side and the "real" lines move as you'd expect - aliases "ripple backwards". Much easier to see than describe!

Hence, the limit of "true" resolution is the highest value that behaves as it should. Disregard anything that "moves backwards"!
Quote:
Bottom-line, if you do not want to see artifacts you must not choose a hybrid where high photo taking resolution is the camera's main task.
Fully agreed - albeit see below!
Quote:
It's marketing not photo shooters that are pushing to 36MP!
I've speculated in another thread about a possible "universal" still/video camera that may break the hybrid issue you mention above. It imagines a sensor of dimensions (4x1920)x(4x1080) which is 7680x4320, or 33,177,600 photosites. (33 megapixels)

Obviously, it's capable of high quality stills. But read in the same way as the C300 it's also capable of full 4k (actually quad-HD) with relatively straightforward processing. Furthermore, by reading 4x4 blocks directly, instead of 2x2, similar processing should yield excellent 1080 directly.
David Heath is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 24th, 2012, 09:53 PM   #56
HDV Cinema
 
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Las Vegas
Posts: 4,007
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

"Almost. I believe the reason for doing what you describe is to separate aliases from "real" resolution. On a static shot it's difficult to tell which is which - pan from side to side and the "real" lines move as you'd expect - aliases "ripple backwards".

Exactly. The camcorders that use H green-shift and those that use H and V Green-shift provide a mix of real resolution and aliasing. Adam's tests reveal -- as you explained -- a way of seeing what the actual resolution is.

----------

I wonder if Canon has a patent on it's super-pixel design? They read-out two rows at once and so the output needs no processing to get an RGB value for a pixel.

The Sony F65 also reads-out 2 rows at a time, but with their diagonal pattern I have the sense they use DSP to calculate an RGB pixel.
__________________
Switcher's Quick Guide to the Avid Media Composer >>> http://home.mindspring.com/~d-v-c
Steve Mullen is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 28th, 2012, 11:24 PM   #57
HDV Cinema
 
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Las Vegas
Posts: 4,007
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

The FS100 firmware has been delayed and now this rumor:

"According to multiple sources Sony is preparing a big product announcement event for early April. I don’t have the exact date yet but my sources told me there will be multiple new products for NEX and SLT (photo cameras, *camcorders* and lenses).There are so many new products I have heard of, the *NEX-F3 a new NEX camcorder* and the new 18-135mm SAM lens"

An SLT camcorder would allow phase detection AF while shooting. Perhaps with an A-mount not E-mount. Would an ND filter then be possible?

We know the wonderful F3 -- would Sony dare release an E-mount version? If so, what would happen to the FS100?

PS: Consumer Products & Services Group (“CPSG”) and Professional Device & Solutions Group (“PDSG”) to be abolished on April 1st. Could this mean the "protectionism" of the pro group will be removed letting the best designs go to market? (In Japan, a store sells all models it thinks their customers will want. There is no consumer vs pro distinction.) This might mean the far more competent pro marketing group in NYC would take over from the not so good consumer group in CA. The "One Sony" slogan may help all of us.
__________________
Switcher's Quick Guide to the Avid Media Composer >>> http://home.mindspring.com/~d-v-c
Steve Mullen is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 30th, 2012, 12:52 AM   #58
HDV Cinema
 
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Las Vegas
Posts: 4,007
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Japanese products are going to get more expensive. Simple $/yen ratio PLUS need to increase profits. We might get better features at a higher price.
__________________
Switcher's Quick Guide to the Avid Media Composer >>> http://home.mindspring.com/~d-v-c
Steve Mullen is offline   Reply With Quote
Old March 30th, 2012, 01:15 PM   #59
Inner Circle
 
Join Date: Feb 2007
Location: Apple Valley CA
Posts: 4,866
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

That and the sadly sagging dollar doesn't help... but it's all relative anyway!
Dave Blackhurst is offline   Reply With Quote
Old April 7th, 2012, 08:43 AM   #60
Regular Crew
 
Join Date: Oct 2009
Location: helsinki
Posts: 104
Re: New NEX camcorder on March 31?

Though..in the defence of the Nex 5n it has considerably less aliasing and moire compared to the 7d that I have. Shot some wide material with an f-stop of 8-11 and it looked pretty good. Way better than what the Canon was doing.
Mikko Topponen is offline   Reply
Reply

DV Info Net refers all where-to-buy and where-to-rent questions exclusively to these trusted full line dealers and rental houses...

Professional Video
(800) 833-4801
Portland, OR

B&H Photo Video
(866) 521-7381
New York, NY

Z.G.C.
(973) 335-4460
Mountain Lakes, NJ

Abel Cine Tech
(888) 700-4416
N.Y. NY & L.A. CA

Precision Camera
(800) 677-1023
Austin, TX

DV Info Net also encourages you to support local businesses and buy from an authorized dealer in your neighborhood.
  You are here: DV Info Net > Sony XAVC / XDCAM / NXCAM / AVCHD / HDV / DV Camera Systems > Sony Alpha and NEX Camera Systems > Sony NEX-VG10 / VG20 / VG30 / VG900

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

 



Google
 

All times are GMT -6. The time now is 09:28 PM.


DV Info Net -- Real Names, Real People, Real Info!
1998-2017 The Digital Video Information Network