DV Info Net

DV Info Net (https://www.dvinfo.net/forum/)
-   Sony VX2100 / PD170 / PDX10 Companion (https://www.dvinfo.net/forum/sony-vx2100-pd170-pdx10-companion/)
-   -   vx-2000 "strobey" motion video (https://www.dvinfo.net/forum/sony-vx2100-pd170-pdx10-companion/11535-vx-2000-strobey-motion-video.html)

Gints Klimanis July 2nd, 2003 05:48 PM

vx-2000 "strobey" motion video
 
Hi,

I'm shooting martial arts videos with people swinging sticks. A friend in the video editing business commented that my DVD
footage (MPEG2, 8000 kbs) footage looks "strobey" and
asked if I'm shooting at 30 fps. Since then, I've noticed
that all of my video looks "strobey", even when played directly
from the camcorder into my interlaced TV.

I use a vx-2000, a tripod but with steadyshot=on, and with Autolock selector in the Manual (middle, autolock release) position.
The menu tells
me that I'm not in progressive scan mode. I'm not using
the sports AE mode, although I've switch that on in the past.
Lately, I've been decreasing the shutter speed to 1/60
to 1/180 and playing with the exposure. In the past, I was using
a slower shutter speed which blurred the sticks instead of
strobing them. The strobing is really obvious, almost as if
the frame rate is actually 10 Hz or something.

I've checked just about every setting on the camcorder and
am clueless as to why this happens. Any ideas? And no,
chuckle, I don't have the unit set to record to the Memory stick.

Nicky Loi July 7th, 2003 08:47 PM

Hi Gints,

I don't think this'll be much help, since I was going to suggest checking that you're not on progressive scan or Golf Dude mode. Those will give you a high strobe effect, which may not be that bad for your martial arts purposes. Think of "Saving Private Ryan"'s opening scene and "Gladiator"'s opening fight scene. Very graphic, very immediate.

Did think of something though. Play back your footage that seems strobey, and press Data Code on your camera twice. It will show the mode you shot in, and the aperture, I think. That might give some insight.

If all else fails, ask your actors to move slower!

Good luck.

Gints Klimanis July 8th, 2003 02:25 AM

Nicky,

Thanks for the Data Code tip. I'll check that out.

As for asking my "actors" to slow down, they're really fighting !

Tom Hardwick July 8th, 2003 05:30 AM

It could be one of two things. If you're filming under fluorescent 'tube' light then that can set up a flicker because there's no element that continues to glow on the AC switchover from neg to pos. Some lamps look like tungsten filament lamps these days but are in fact fluorescents coiled up to make them look more presentable. As this switchover to fluorescents becomes more widespread we video people who use the available light must:

*keep to the default shutter speed!* In your case this means using 1/60th sec. Any higher than this and you risk taking (under exposed) frames out of sync with the 'on' cycle of the fluorescent tubes, and this flicker is often seen as 'strobing'.

If it really *is* strobing then it's only that the shutter speed is too high and you're not capturing all the action. Huh? Yes, if you go faster than 1/60th you only record bits of the action. At 1/60th you record it all.

tom.

Gints Klimanis July 8th, 2003 03:11 PM

Thanks for the advice, Tom. Yes, I'm taping under banks of flourescent lights. I've been recording at 1/120 and higher. Since the motion of swinging sticks is fast, all of my frame grabs and slow motion review yielded blurred stick arcs. So, I'm not sure I want to record all of the action. I'll try various shutter speeds.

Nicky Loi July 8th, 2003 09:46 PM

Comedy Fighting
 
Yeah, I suppose asking your actors to slow down would have an unintended comedy effect.

Hey, there's a premise for a movie.

Good luck with that.

Gints Klimanis July 15th, 2003 06:18 PM

http://home.att.net/~gints/download2.htm

I'm still trying to chase down some strobing issues.
The picture above was snapped with a Canon S40
digital camera at a shutter speed of 1/60 , manual
mode for everything. The lighting was "industrial"
8 ft flourescent tubes. Note that both stick fighters
are holding three sticks (chuckle, really, only one).
Is there something about
CCDs that would cause this motion strobing on
still pictures ?

Mike Rehmus July 16th, 2003 10:22 AM

The Canon is a still camera, right?

What you see COULD be caused by the Canon really taking multiple exposures and averaging to create a more noise-free picture. This is just a guess.

There is no way that a single read of a CCD can generate 3 separate images. It would just blur a single image of the stick.

I cannot imagine the 120 Hz flicker from the lights causing this unless the sticks are moving slower than I imagine.

Gints Klimanis July 16th, 2003 01:09 PM

Yes, I'm using the Canon S40 as a "still" camera.

Gints Klimanis August 1st, 2003 03:05 PM

Here's the link to the strobey stix picture:

http://home.att.net/~gints/download2.htm

After talking to some video hardware people, apparently
the issue is simply scanning (analog to digital conversion) the CCD array. Since the cells can't all be scanned at once, they
are scanned in multiple passes using various scan algorithms.
During the Scan, the CCD elements decay. So, a decay correction curve is applied. Of course, this correction is only an approximation. So, apparently, my photo shows a problem with fast moving objects with a reasonable contrast.


All times are GMT -6. The time now is 12:43 PM.

DV Info Net -- Real Names, Real People, Real Info!
1998-2021 The Digital Video Information Network