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Canon EOS Crop Sensor for HD
APS-C sensor cameras including the 80D, 70D, 7D Mk. II, 7D, EOS M and Rebel models for HD video recording.


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Old September 7th, 2010, 04:30 PM   #16
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Originally Posted by Chris Hurd View Post
For HD video recording, stay away from Class 4 cards. You'll want Class 6 cards or better.
I've had no problems recording 1920x1080x30p using Kingston 16GB Class 4 cards.
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Old September 7th, 2010, 05:44 PM   #17
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4G is a limitation of FAT32 file size. I took a 32G SD card and formatted it FAT32e - extended. camera saw it, but still only wrote a 4G file because I think the card descriptor data may of told the camera it was FAT32, or because it wasn't a true SDXC card, the camera still only wrote a 4G file.

It would be interesting to try a 64G SDXC card formatted FAT32e and see what happens, you might get 4g+ ( should ) size files... or maybe not and its a bug in the firmware.

OTH, I shot a moon a few weeks ago in 1080p24, and got a 20 min clip. since the moon was surrounded by black, the image compressed to nothing and I got the longer recording time, but it still would of dumped out at 29:59

I have 2 class 4 cards. they often get the buffering indicator turned on in the VF, but always finish ok. really go with class 6 at least. personally I like class 10 simply to get faster read times when dumping the cards
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Old September 7th, 2010, 05:53 PM   #18
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I think that Canon purposely enforced this limit in the T2i for a reason. I don't know if it has to do with file systems or European taxes, but I would like a way to enable unrestricted record times.
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Old September 8th, 2010, 12:12 AM   #19
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the facts are the facts

to get the camera to record HD to 29:59, try a 64GB SDXC card

as for anything else, it would require a firmware change. if you can write code, understand how to talk to hardware, know file systems, know ARM cpu assembler, then maybe you might be able to DL the firmware from the camera, rewrite the firmware, upload it back into the camera, and then "enable" it. maybe join the magic lantern guy who could use some help... otherwise there is NOTHING you can do beyond what has been suggested.
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Old September 9th, 2010, 06:04 AM   #20
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Quote. to get the camera to record HD to 29:59, try a 64GB SDXC card

It wont make any difference, SDHC / SDXC. The limit will still be there. The only way to overcome it, is to buy a camcorder.
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Old March 26th, 2011, 01:59 PM   #21
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

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Originally Posted by Randall Leong View Post
Much of the reason for such a recording limit on large-sensor motion-recording-capable cameras such as the T2i is heat. All else being equal, larger sensors produce much more heat than smaller sensors do. This is why even the most expensive professional solid-state camcorders use only so-called 2/3" (two-thirds) sensors (the actual usable size, or effective size, of a 2/3" sensor is a bit less than that) while the T2i's sensor measures more than one full inch on the diagonal (effective size). There is no getting around the increased heat output with bigger sensors, which run exponentially hotter than their smaller counterparts.
Actually, there is. For years, pro camcorders, 1/3" and 2/3", used three CCD sensors. All of the current Canons use much larger sensors, yes, but they're CMOS sensors, which use a tiny fraction of the power of a single 2/3" sensor. Not to mention the fact that other HSDLRs (Panasonic, Sony), 4/3" and APS-C based camcorders (again, Panasonic and Sony), digital cinema cameras (the Red Camera), etc. do continuous recording without heat issues.

And, as well, on all current Canons, you can immediately re-start recording. If you run Magic Lantern, that can be set to happen for you, albeit with a couple seconds of gap. If heat were really a problem, Canon certainly would have been smart enough to spend the extra $0.25 for a thermal monitor of the sensor. And in fact, if overheating really can damage the camera, that's the proper basis for stopping video, not an arbitrary point in time.

So I call shenanigans on claim of heat as the primary issue here. And if it's just getting around the European camcorder tax, why penalize the rest of the world for a silly EU law? Do like pretty much everyone else in the world does and offer different firmware by country. Oh, wait, you mean Canon already does? Then WTF!?!?
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Old March 28th, 2011, 04:22 PM   #22
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

I have a 64Gb SDXC card and the recording will stop after just over 12 min. in my t2i. It is the file system that is limiting each file to 4Gb.
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Old March 29th, 2011, 02:56 AM   #23
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

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I have a 64Gb SDXC card and the recording will stop after just over 12 min. in my t2i. It is the file system that is limiting each file to 4Gb.
You mean GB (gigabyte) not Gb (gigabit). So your claim is that the T2i is writing FAT32 to the SDXC card? That's supposed to be evil and non-standard, other than the fact everyone knows it'll work fine with a PC. But anyway, that is the only possible way the file system is the problem and not other parts of the Canon firmware. If it formats SDXC with the required exFAT, it might still limit files to 4GB, but that's Canon's doing, nothing whatsoever is being limited by the file system.
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Old March 29th, 2011, 05:02 AM   #24
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

Sorry, ment to be 64GB. I think it depends on how the card is formated but I need to check and try different format, FAT32 or NTFS and then to see if I could get it above 4GB. The card is class 10, 133x speed but that has nothing to do with the file size limit.
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Old March 29th, 2011, 12:16 PM   #25
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

Formating to ntfs will make no differance. It's Canons operating system. Forinstance I doubt if you could run ntfc on say windows 95 or 98. But I dare say Canon have their reasons.
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Old March 29th, 2011, 04:32 PM   #26
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

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Originally Posted by Asvaldur Kristjansson View Post
Sorry, ment to be 64GB. I think it depends on how the card is formated but I need to check and try different format, FAT32 or NTFS and then to see if I could get it above 4GB.
Devices like cameras, camcorders, Blu-ray players, TVs, etc. NEVER support NTFS. The reason given: it's too large and too poorly documented. Regardless, you're not going to find much of any support for NTFS outside of Windows.

FAT32 cannot store a file larger than 4GB, plain and simple. This is also not subject to question.

However, the question here is SDXC, exFAT, and Canon. SDXC is virtually identical to SDXC. But the specifications allow >32GB devices, and they require the use of exFAT rather than FAT32 as the file system. exFAT is otherwise known as FAT64 -- it's an updated version of FAT that very much does support files larger than 4GB. Any properly implemented SDXC device can support files greater than 4GB.

So there are two actual questions. First, does Canon actually support the exFAT file system when you format an SDXC card (or insert an exFAT formatted SDXC card)? In reality, since every SDXC device also supports SDHC, and FAT32 is required for SDHC, everyone knows that a 64GB SDXC card formatted to FAT32 is going to work fine. The SD Card Association's formatting utility will not allow you to do this, but Windows will. And if Canon doesn't support exFAT yet, they will too. If there's no exFAT, there cannot be >4GB files.

Second question: even with exFAT, assuming its supported, do Canon devices support >4GB files. There's no reason they have to. I'm certain Canon shuts off the files at 4GB for FAT32, they're not counting on an error from the file system to shut down. So they could very easily do the same thing even if the exFAT file system is there.

So, rather than just conjecture, I did a test. I don't have an SDXC card, but I have a perfectly good 32GB SDHC card here. I put the exFAT file system on it, dropped it into my Canon 60D, and voila! The 60D does support the exFAT file system, even on SDHC media. So perhaps I'll try a video test... there's certainly no good reason at this point my 60D couldn't go past the 4GB point. There's still the potential for a bad reason: Canon just shuts it down at 4GB.

The good news about that -- it's probably a trivial fix, if they're so inclined to fix it. The last of exFAT would be too large of a problem, there's the question of room in the Flash for a whole new file system, licensing fees to Microsoft, etc. They would never fix that. But they could fix this, if it's broken.
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Old March 29th, 2011, 06:43 PM   #27
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

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Originally Posted by Donald McPherson View Post
It's Canons operating system. Forinstance I doubt if you could run ntfc on say windows 95 or 98.
Exactly. Using SDXC cards in the Canon DSLR's is like putting 8GB of RAM into a 32-bit editing station. It's still not gonna let you use more than 4GB.

In any case it has nothing to do with the ability to write a file larger than 4GB to the card - because no current camcorders can actually do that (that I'm aware of). What is missing from these camera's is the ability to seamlessly continue recording in a new file - the consecutive files are then joined together when using importing software later on. This is the method currently used by camcorders which are also using the same FAT32 file system as the DSLR's.

It's nothing to do with technical limitations, becasue the ability to overcome the issue is already there. It's something Canon have conciously chosen not to implement, for reasons only they know, and which we can only speculate about.
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Old March 29th, 2011, 06:53 PM   #28
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

John is correct, of course -- and there is nothing for them to "fix" here
because they don't perceive it as a problem. In other words, the 4GB
clip length limitation is quite intentional on their part.
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Old March 30th, 2011, 01:28 AM   #29
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

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Originally Posted by Chris Hurd View Post
John is correct, of course -- and there is nothing for them to "fix" here
because they don't perceive it as a problem. In other words, the 4GB
clip length limitation is quite intentional on their part.
Well, you never know... 30p-only was a quite intentional feature of the 5D, until they "fixed" that and added 24p with a firmware upgrade.

4GB file limitations wasn't simply a choice, it was a hard limit for FAT32. Yes, they could have implemented file chaining (Magic Lantern does, though not gapless, and it's not out for my 60D yet, so I haven't tried it), but that is a separate technology. Changing the current code to go past 4GB could very well be a 10 minute exercise. Or a major overhaul, depending on their OS, but either way its a modification of what they're already doing. So I'd bet on a fix there, first. No one but Canon knows. And yeah, that limit is definitely still there on exFAT.
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Old March 30th, 2011, 08:09 AM   #30
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Re: SDXC Card with Canon t2i

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Originally Posted by Dave Haynie View Post
Yes, they could have implemented file chaining (Magic Lantern does, though not gapless, and it's not out for my 60D yet, so I haven't tried it), but that is a separate technology.
Magic Lantern's restart function is nothing at all like proper continuous recording. Magic Lantern is the electronic equivelant of hitting the record button as soon as you see the first clip stop recording. No matter how fast you do it, there will be a gap. First there is the reaction time, then the camera needs to empty the buffer and finish writing the original file before it can start recording again.

Properly implemented continuous recording is more like that sexy barmaid who manages to leave the beer tap constantly running while filling multiple consecutive glasses, all without spilling a drop.
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